Gum Disease

Gum or periodontal disease is an inflammatory process caused by bacteria in the mouth which attack the gums, jaw bone and ligaments supporting the teeth.

This disease affects most people at some point during their life, and can be present without you even being aware that you have an infection.


Refers to the earlier form of gum disease where there is inflammation of the gums. This usually arises when plaque or tartar builds-up on teeth, which then acts as a reservoir for harmful bacteria.

Common signs of gingivitis include:

  • Bleeding gums, particularly after tooth brushing or flossing
  • Swollen or tender gums
  • Bad breath
  • Bad tast in your mouth


Periodontitis can arise from untreated gingivitis and has been linked to several other health problems such as heart disease and stroke.

In this condition the infection spreads from the gums into the surrounding bone and ligaments.

Common signs include:

  • Inflamed gums (bleeding, redness, swelling, or tenderness)
  • Bad breath
  • Bad taste in your mouth
  • Gum shrinkage
  • Bone loss
  • Loose teeth, which eventually may result in the loss of affected teeth

If you suspect that you suffer from gum disease then contact our friendly team on (02) 9090 2059 to arrange a consultation and hygiene appointment.